Hybrid Oil Palm Seedlings ( Tenera Varieties)
Hybrid Oil Palm Seedlings ( Tenera Varieties) start fruiting after 3-5 years of planting. They can produce up to 200 bunches of fruit per year, and each bunch can weigh up to 30 kilograms. This means that a single tenera oil palm tree can produce up to 6,000 kilograms of oil per year.
Hybrid Oil Palm Seedlings ( Tenera Varieties) require a uniformly disseminated yearly precipitation of 2000 mm without a characterized dry season.
Best oil palm yields are obtained where a most extreme typical temperature of 29-33 degrees and a base typical temperature of 22-24 degrees are accessible.
The harvest requires 1800-2000 daylight hours every year, more than 300 cal/cm2/day, and steady daylight of something like 5 hours of the day for better oil palm yield.
Sodden, profound, and all-around depleted medium-finished soils wealthy in humus content are viewed as great.
Gravelly and sandy soils, especially the waterfront sands are not great for oil palm development. Weighty mud soils with unfortunate waste properties might present issues of air circulation during stormy seasons.
Hybrid Oil Palm Seedlings ( Tenera Varieties) Nursery Management
A nursery is raised by establishing developed grows at first in a pre-nursery bed or in polybags in an essential nursery and relocating them at a five-leaf stage to an optional nursery of huge estimated polybags.
The preparation combination is made by blending topsoil, sand, and all-around deteriorated dairy cattle fertilizer in equivalent extents. More modest polybags of 250 gauge and 23 x 13 cm size, ideally dark are utilized for raising essential nurseries.
The water prerequisite for various phases of development of seedlings are as per the following: 0 – 2 months at 4 mm/day, 2 – 4 months at 5 mm/day, 4 – a half years at 7 mm/day, and 6 – 8 months at 10 mm/day.
Set up the land for oil palm plantings something like 3 months prior to relocating the seedlings to the principal field. In soils with low porousness, seepage channels are to be developed to forestall water stagnation in upper layer of soil.
It is prudent to establish very much developed seedlings of 12 – 14 months old.
Relocating to the fundamental field must be finished during the beginning of the stormy season. In entirely impermeable soils and where there is an opportunity for the seedlings to endure seriously during the stormy season, legitimate seepage must be guaranteed.
Separating and strategy for planting
Three-sided procedure for planting with 9 x 9 x 9 m separating obliges 143 palms/ha. is being suggested.
Pits of 60 cm3 are taken before planting loaded up with encompassing dirt and permitted to settle. Rock phosphate is applied at 200 g for each establishing pit.
Nitrogen isn’t typically applied in the establishing pits as the utilization of composts might harm the underground root growth and influence the endurance of the plants on the off chance that there is a dry period not long after planting.
Nitrogen and potassium are generally applied 4 – a month and a half subsequent to planting. In Mg-lacking soils, magnesium is applied at 100 g as anhydrous MgSO4 or 200 g Epsom salt for each seedling.
The accompanying manure plan is suggested for oil palm until explicit outcomes are obtained from multilocational compost preliminaries.